Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

Once the preliminary design has been accepted by the client, the engineer proceeds to the detailed structural design or detailed engineering: during this stage.

He determines the specifications of each element of the equipment or of the process. Detailed engineering is divided by equipment or process steps.

It is imperative not only to document the specifications themselves but also to explain their calculations or reasons.

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

Pipetech Engineering division is renowned for its ability to design complete process systems while paying attention to the smallest details(structural design).

A very precise and faithful instrumentation and control simulation, associated with various tools allowing a detailed analysis of its operation online modification of the control unit parameters and validation scenarios online visualization of variables and plotting of curves.

Structural Engineers start by carefully studying the issues, problems, expectations, and requirements of customers.

Once all the necessary practical and technical information has been collected by the engineers, such as the site description, the required production capacity, safety, and pollutant emissions, we are ready to start the design.

Our team is made up of process, electrical, chemical, and mechanical engineers, as well as field technicians specializing in connection, equipment, security, SCADA, and CAD.

Our designers take advantage of this construction-design company to liaise with facility managers and project team leaders to improve the design, not only process level but also ease.

Installation and Maintenance.

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview Empirical and theoretical work on product design generally distinguish two design regimes: regulated design dating back to the early 19th century and extremely innovative design from the 1990s.

Design set Regulated design is what we know every day, at least in most areas of engineering.

This is the core business: being able to go from a product letter of intent to a physical product is a real industrial feat.

The reasoning of the ruled design is expressed in languages, which are as follows: Functional design: product clarification & specification conceptual design:

Space of functions and sub-functions, mobilization of conceptual models (selection and evaluation)

Embodiment structural design: physio-morphological design - "organization" Detailed design Innovative design

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

An innovative object or service introduces a break in identity: the very identity of the object is revisited.

A modern electric coffee maker revisits the identity of the percolating coffee maker by combining the aspects of infusion and percolation.

If the identity of the object is modified in the innovation, it is therefore because it is, at the time of design, uncertain.

This uncertainty translates into uncertainty about one of the four languages of systematic design.

And the direct consequence is that the system design does not allow to conceive of the identity of the innovative objects.

How to conceive of these objects with unstable identities?

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

This is what the innovative design regime does. The CK innovative design theory was invented and worked on.

It is a theory that makes it possible to account for the mobilization of existing knowledge, the creation of new knowledge, alternatives, "surprises".

This type of reasoning should make it possible to revisit the identity of the objects/products services.

In practice, it is based on an important distinction between what is of the order of knowledge, that is to say, what has a defined logical status, and what is of the order of Concepts.

The need to innovate has arisen due to the evolution of the competitive industrial structure.

It was therefore necessary to integrate a transition function between research and development, the function I (for innovation) to form a RID system.

It corresponds to the innovative structural design patterns phase upstream of product development on the basis of a technical concept or in relation to a space of use.

Progress Of A Project: Focus On The Design Study Phase.

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

In our follow-up of the different phases of engineering and construction projects.

Still based on the standard for engineering services, let's take a look at the next phase: the structural design study.

This is the phase during which the ambitions, customer requirements, and regulatory requirements are converted into specifications for the construction of the property in order to be validated before construction.

This is the phase during which the ambitions, customer requirements, and regulatory requirements are converted into specifications for the construction of the property in order to be validated before construction.

Project Structural Design Phase, The Different Sub-Phases According To The Following Standard.

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

Conceptual study during which plans for real estate are developed to provide options and solutions on a scale to determine the general shape and schematic representation of real estate to be constructed on the allocated site.

The preliminary design during which a design of the real estate is developed to provide a general overview covering aspects related to the location, the functional organization, the spatial structure, and the general appearance, allowing the client to make strategic choices between functional concepts and options considered.

At this stage, the customer should be informed of how the installation will be operated.

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

They elaborate design during which the design of the property is developed, providing detailed representations of the configuration, structure, associated technologies, and appearance of the property and during which the appropriate methods of construction, use are discussed materials and typical technical details necessary for a good understanding of the property to be constructed.

The detailed structural design during which the property is specified in great detail in order to allow stakeholders to understand precisely the characteristics of the end result and to establish the cost of implementation.

The execution studies during which the project is fully described so that the manufacture of the equipment, the construction of the property, and the installation of the equipment can take place.

The execution studies during which the project is fully described so that the manufacture of the equipment, the construction of the property, and the installation of the equipment can take place.

For industrial installations, this phase also includes the specification of the equipment to be supplied and integrated into the installation.

The Product Engineering Guide (GIP) To guarantee the performance of projects, Pipetech has developed a formalized process: P2P. As part of this P2P, the GIP (or Product Engineering Guide) oversees all Product Engineering activities.

It is divided into various stages:

The concept: this phase includes the search for a solution and the understanding of customer needs, the specification, the architecture, the search for suppliers and their consultation, the 1st stage of the mock-up, or even the choice of concept.

Preliminary structural design: this part notably includes the analysis of technical solutions, preliminary studies, simulation, the 2nd phase of mock-up and testing. Detailed design, which includes in-depth studies, product definition, and industrial relationship.

The realization of the product, which extends from the launch of the manufacturing to its follow-up until the delivery of the product. The validation & the certification to verify that the product meets the requirements (specifications) and technical solutions do not contain errors.

Thanks to a simultaneous engineering approach and the formalization of exchanges and feedback around the V-Cycle, product development is carried out by decompartmentalizing the perimeters, ensuring constant feedback between the players, and bringing together the various advances and visions.

The Engineer Must Perform The Following Main Actions:

The basis of the structural design; detailed Structural design calculations; plans and specifications; the design review; the final engineering report.

Design Basis the engineer subdivides the design into enough elements to be able to obtain all the technical specifications necessary for the realization, including the preparatory stages.

By way of example of technical specifications, one can mention the geometry of the cavity to be excavated to prepare the foundations or the nature of an anti-corrosion chemical solution (concentrations, temperature, etc.) of a vapor circuit.

The Engineer Ensures That No Element, Even Minor, Is Omitted From The Design.

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

Detailed calculations If necessary, the engineer organizes the calculations in an explicit form in order to facilitate understanding and interpretation.

He can, for example, group them by themes or by variables.

If a statistical method is used to eliminate questionable results or other transformation operations are applied, the engineer must explain them and justify the need.

The calculations include all the documents allowing their reconstruction (references, characteristic curves, basic data, estimates, articles of standards or codes, etc.).

The engineer ensures the validity of the means he uses to make his calculations, for example, by performing one or more manual calculations or by finding out about the rigor and technical quality of the software used, if applicable.

He takes responsibility for any errors that may result. When the calculations are completed, the engineer should check their thoroughness and the relevance of the data used himself.

Verification by another engineer with the required skills and knowledge may be requested. Different situations require that the work of an engineer be verified by another engineer.

These situations can be customer requirements, requirements of the company's quality procedures, or the complexity of the project.

Plans and specifications At This Stage, The Level Of Structural Design Detail Must Allow The Plans To Illustrate All Of The Design Elements Necessary To Complete The Project.

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

The engineer establishes and maintains a list of plans as well as the summary content and version history of each element.

The plans are accompanied by one or more specifications explaining them and including the technical specifications and details of the elements making up the structure.

The estimate makes it possible to avoid overloading the plans. In simple cases, it can be integrated into the plan.

The engineer refrains, as far as possible, from specifying in the specifications work methods and procedures specific to the realization of the work or project.

The objective is to allow the pooling of various opinions on specific elements and to ensure their integration.

Final Engineering Report

Structural Design Basic Procedure - An Overview

The engineer ensures, through a system of revisions, that the changes in the design review have been taken into account, among other things in the plans and specifications.

To allow the client to make an informed decision concerning the realization of the project, he produces:

The final version of the detailed engineering report; plans and specifications for final approval; an estimate as precise as possible of the costs of realization and deadlines.

The Plans and specifications Bear The Words “Final Version - Issued For Final Approval”.

It is also recommended to indicate on the plans and specifications that they are not intended or must not be used for construction, installation, or fabrication, as the case may be.

The advantages of Product Engineering: It allows to have a uid and clear process to supervise the Product Engineering activities.

Thus, to each defined activity corresponds a definition of what is expected (objective, progress, etc.) It constitutes a common frame of reference; It makes it possible to verify the technological feasibility of the need and to ensure a clear understanding of customer needs.

All the milestones and dimensions of a project are associated and supervised by a rigorous process, so as to leave nothing to the hazard.

At The End Of The Detailed Structural Design Stage, The Level Of Design Detail Must Be Sufficient To Illustrate On The Plans All Of The Design Elements Required To Complete The Project.

The plans are accompanied by an estimate explaining them and including the technical specifications and details of the components of the structure.

The estimate is in a way the written and detailed qualitative description of the materials, equipment, systems, technical specifications, and other characteristics affecting the project to be carried out.

The estimate makes it possible to avoid overloading the plans. General and detailed structural design engineering studies Integrated simulation platforms for nuclear power plants.

Engineering studies of the general and detailed design of nuclear power plants, such as safety studies, performance calculations, or probabilistic safety studies, require the use of reference simulation codes such as CATHARE / RELAP5 for thermohydraulic two-phase or COX3D / NESTLE for neutronics.

It may take several hours to simulate physical phenomena that only take a few minutes in reality.


What are the types of structural design?

There is a various type like a one-dimensional design for example ropes cable and struts. Then come the two-dimensional design and we can have examples like membranes, plates, and slabs.

Then comes the three-dimensional design solid masses is a good example. And then we have the composite which is a combination of all the above differences designs.

What are the requirements of structural design?

Three things are most important the first requirement is the geometry of the structure then comes the framing of the horizontal and vertical part and then comes the best-suited dimensions for the elements.

What are the 4 types of structures?

Frame, Shell, Solid, and Liquid are the 4 types of structure.

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